Washington — Proposals for curbing gun violence announced Wednesday by President Barack Obama:
By congressional action:
• Require background checks on all gun sales. The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence says 40 percent of gun sales are conducted with no criminal background check, such as at gun shows and by private sellers over the Internet or through classified ads. Obama said there should be exceptions for cases like certain transfers among family members and temporary transfers for hunting purposes.
• Reinstate the assault weapons ban. A 10-year ban on high-grade, military-style weapons expired in 2004. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., says such a ban might clear the Senate but doubts it could get through the House.
• Renew a 10-round limit on the size of ammunition magazines.
• Prohibit the possession, transfer, manufacture and import of dangerous armor-piercing bullets.
• Get Senate to confirm a director for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. The agency has been run by an acting director, Todd Jones, whom Obama will nominate to become director.
• Pass new gun trafficking laws penalizing people who help criminals get guns.
• Address legal barriers in health laws that bar some states from making available information about people who are prohibited from having guns.
• Improve incentives for states to share information with the background check system.
• Make sure that federal agencies share relevant information with the background check system.
• Direct the attorney general to work with other agencies to review existing laws to make sure they can identify individuals who shouldn’t have access to guns.
• Direct the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other research agencies to conduct research into the causes and prevention of gun violence.
• Clarify that no federal law prohibits doctors or other health care providers from contacting authorities when patients threaten to use violence.