A thought-ful reader recently suggested I highlight some of the good economic news that is emerging from some of the most troubled places in the world. He meant the world fight against real poverty that has been so recently successful and ultimately will matter greatly to Americans.
Over the past 30 years, the number of people in the world living in real poverty has dropped from just under 2 billion to fewer than 1.1 billion. This is a drop from roughly 40 percent to 15 percent of the world’s population in real poverty. I use the term “real poverty” to distinguish the condition of the lives of these people from that of those in poverty in America. In the U.S. we define an individual as impoverished when their daily income falls to about $29 a day, but many consume twice that much through government support. In contrast, the 1.1 billion souls in real poverty subsist on only $1.50 a day, and many on less than one dollar. There is “poverty” and there is “real poverty”, and making the distinction is a moral imperative.
Unless you have traveled deeply in the third world, and seen it with your own eyes, real poverty is difficult to comprehend. Imagine a place where a child dies for want of a dollar’s worth of medicine, lepers beg on the street and the dead go unburied at the roadside. This is a difficult vision, but it is a fact that 40,000 children so die each day, and multitudes likewise suffer. Ending this would be a triumph of the ages.
There is good news. If current trends continue, the end of real poverty could come in the next two decades. This means that in one promised lifetime of threescore and ten, we could see real poverty move from half of all the world population to zero. This is a blessed thing, for which we should rejoice. We should also ask how it happened.